Saly NTA Conference
More than 100 researchers, policy analysts, and others gathered at Saly, Senegal, from June 21-24, 2016 to review recent and current NTA research. Seventy papers were presented and discussed. The research covered a wide range of topics of relevance to countries at all levels of economic development. Among many other highlights, research from the Counting Women's Work project provided new insights about gender equity, the role of women in the development process, and the economic implications of changing population age structure. The AGENTA project, based in Europe, reported new findings about the impact of population aging and possible policy responses. Many of the papers addressed inequality and generational equity. A much richer understanding of Africa is emerging based on presentations by countries in Francophone Africa that have recently joined the NTA project under the auspices of CREFAT, UNFPA, and SWEDD. Presentations, grouped into six broad themes, can be found by clicking on these links. (Note that presentations are being uploaded as they become available.):
- Demographic Dividend
- Counting Women's Work
- Viewing the World through an NTA Lens
- NTA Frontiers
Visualization Challenge Results
For the First NTA Visualization Challenge, five NTA researchers submitted new ways to visually represent NTA results. Congratulations to all of the entrants and especially to the top three winners: Michael Abrigo, Ricardo Cantu, and Bernhard Hammer. Here is Michael Abrigo's representation of the evolution of the support system over the life cycle. The triangle graphs show how the share of consumption funded by net transfers, labor income, and asset-based reallocations changes over five-year age intervals. Countries at different income levels are compared. At birth, people are entirely dependent on transfers to fund their consumption, but as they age they increasingly substitute labor income for transfers, while barely relying on asset income or dis-saving in low- and high-income countries, but not middle-income countries. Between age 30 and 60, people have labor income in excess of consumption (a life cycle surplus), but they also increasingly rely on asset-based reallocations to supplement labor income. Both sources are needed as prime-age adults must fund not only their own consumption but also large net transfer outflows to children and, in many countries, to the elderly. At around age 60 people in all three income groups begin to be net receivers of transfers. After age 60 they rely increasingly on transfers and asset income, and less on work, trending toward 1/3 asset income and 2/3 transfers after age 70. Very late in life, the elderly rely even more on net transfers in middle- and high-income countries.
For all the entries, click here.
Book launch: Demographic Dividends in Senegal and Demographic Change in Uruguay
'Dramani, Latif (2016). Economie générationnelle et dividende démographique Éléments de diagnostic au Sénégal, Tome 1. Paris: L'Harmattan.'
'Dramani, Latif (2016). Economie générationnelle et dividende démographique Théorie et applications au Sénégal, Tome 2. Paris: L'Harmattan.'
Editor's note: La théorie de l’économie intergénérationnelle, en réunissant plusieurs disciplines, permet de comprendre l’impact sur l’économie des questions démographiques (fécondité, vieillissement, etc.) et sociologiques (éducation, travail, etc.). Dans cet ouvrage, l’auteur s’attache à poser le diagnostic des dynamiques de pauvreté au Sénégal ainsi que celui de la situation de l’emploi, de la santé ou de l'éducation.
Rofman, Rafael; Amarante, Verónica; Apella, Ignacio. 2016. Demographic Change in Uruguay: Economic Opportunities and Challenges. Directions in Development Series, Human Development. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.